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检测欧盟发布包装及包装废弃物指令94/62/EC的修订条例

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830 admin 发表于 2018-6-21 09:00:32
  2018年6月14日,欧盟在官方公报上发布了关于包装及包装废弃物指令94/62/EC的修订条例(EU)2018/852,现倍科为您摘录其中部分修订内容如下:
  
  1. 第3条第2款:增加2a,2b款关于“可重复使用包装”和复合包装的定义,原指令中的第3-10点关于“废弃物”,“废弃物管理”,“回收”等定义合并到2c款。
  
  2. 第5条关于“再利用”:提出了成员国鼓励增加再利用应采取的措施,包括存款回笼计划,设定定性或定量目标等。
  
  3. 第6条关于“回收”:增加关于包装废弃物的最低回收目标,以及成员国达到最低回收目标的最后期限延长时间和减损之后最低回收率,同时增加6a条关于回收目标实现的计算规则和6b关于预警报告的规定。
  
  4. 将原指令中第17条关于“报告义务”的内容并入第12条,并将标题由“信息系统”修订为“信息系统及报告”,增加成员国对于规定目标,再利用,质量检验报告及所采取的措施及报告义务。
  
  5. 附录3表格1、表格2中标题为“金属”的 每一行都被称为“黑色金属”和“铝”的两行替换。
  
  6. 增加附录4,根据第6条(1a)的要点(d)成员国推迟最后期限应提交的实施计划应包括:
  
  a. 对包装废弃物及其所组成的物流的回收、填埋和其他处理的过去、当前和预计的比率进行评估;
  
  b. 根据指令2008/98/EC第28条和第29条对废物管理计划和废物预防方案的执行情况进行评估;
  
  c. 成员国认为不能在第6条第(1)款(g)和(i)项中规定的期限内达到相关目标的原因说明,并对达到该目标所需延长的时间进行评估;
  
  d. 为达到本指令第6(1)条(g)和(i)中所设定的目标,在时限延长期间适用于成员国的必要措施,包括适当的经济手段和其他措施,以促进指令2008/98条/EC第4条第(1)款和附录IVA中所设定的关于废物层级的应用;
  
  e. 为执行第4点所确定的措施制定时间表,确定负责执行这些措施的机构,并评估它们对实现在延长时间时适用目标的个人贡献;
  
  f. 符合污染者付费原则的废物管理资金信息;
  
  g. 采取措施,酌情改善数据质量,以便更好地规划和监测废物管理的执行。
  
  本次修订于官方公报发布20天后生效,适用于所有成员国,各成员国应在2020年7月5日前实施遵守本指令所必需的法律、法规和行政规定。
  
  Amendments to Directive 94/62/EC
  
  On June 14, 2018, the Directive (EU)2018/852 was published in the Official Journal of the European Union, amending Directive 96/62/EC on packing and packing waste. Excerpts from some of these revisions for you are as follows:
  
  1. In point 2 of article 3, the definitions of " reusable " ," packaging " and " composite packaging " were added as clause 2a and 2b respectively. The definitions of "waste", "waste management", "collection" and so on in point 3-10 of the original directive were merged into clause 2c.
  
  2. Article 5 on "reuse": the measures that Member States should encourage to increase reutilization are put forward, including the deposit withdrawal plan, the setting of qualitative or quantitative objectives, etc.
  
  3. Article 6 about "recycling" : the lowest increase about packaging waste recycling targets, and the member states meet minimum recycling target deadline after longer time and detract from the lowest rate, and the provisions on the calculation rules for the realization of the recycling target and the early-warning report shall be added as clause 6a and 6b respectively.
  
  4. The contents of the Article 17 of the original directive on "reporting obligations" were incorporated into Article 12,,and the title was revised from "information system" to "information systems and reporting" to increase member states' objectives, reuse, quality inspection reports, measures and reporting obligations.
  
  5. In Tables 1 and 2 of Annex III,the rows entitled ‘Metal’ are each replaced by two rows entitled ‘Ferrous metal’ and ‘Aluminium’.
  
  6. Annex IV was added,about the implementation plan to be submitted pursuant to point (d) of Article6(1a) ,such as:
  
  a. Assessment of the past, current and projected rates of recycling, landfilling and other treatment of packaging waste and the streams of which it is composed;
  
  b. Assessment of the implementation of waste management plans and waste prevention programmes in place pursuant to Articles 28 and 29 of Directive 2008/98/EC;
  
  c. Reasons for which the Member State considers that it might not be able to attain the relevant target laid down in points (g) and (i) of Article 6(1) within the deadline set therein and an assessment of the time extension necessary to meet that target;
  
  d. Measures necessary to attain the targets set out in points (g) and (i) of Article 6(1) of this Directive that are applicable to the Member State during the time extension, including appropriate economic instruments and other measures to provide incentives for the application of the waste hierarchy as set out in Article 4(1) of, and Annex IVa to, Directive 2008/98/EC;
  
  e. A timetable for the implementation of the measures identified in point 4, determination of the body competent for their implementation and an assessment of their individual contribution to attaining the targets applicable in the event of a time extension;
  
  f. Information on funding for waste management in line with the polluter-pays principle;
  
  g. Measures to improve data quality, as appropriate, with a view to better planning and monitoring performance in waste management.’.
  
  This Directive shall enter into force on the twentieth day following that of its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union and it is addressed to the Member States. Member States shall bring into force the laws, regulations and administrative provisions necessary to comply with this Directive by 5 July 2020.
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